Coming up with a vaccine is very sensitive since it requires a lot of keen design formula that that should have elements to fight a disease For a vaccine to meet its purpose in the right manner of functionality it should working such a manner that it fights the microbes that cause the disease without affecting or altering other elements of the body functionality. A good vaccine is one that is used in the right manner by the immune system body cells without affecting the infected cells in the body or altering their functionality. For a support vaccine to be termed as suitable it should poses some level of compatibility with other medications that can be related to similar ailments and also at what part of the world is the medicine recommended for use are some of the issues that should be factored in when designing good vaccine support medication.
The main type of support vaccines are five and will be discussed in the article and they are: toxic vaccine, inactive vaccine, attenuate vaccine, subunit vaccine and conjugate vaccine. The first type of vaccine is the attentive or live vaccine that is made in the lab for the purpose of learning by creating a weakened and is harmless to the body as it cannot cause illness but its present in the bodies system. This is done for the purpose of studying how the real microbe behaves in the natural infection. For the purpose of gaining more insight on how to develop a more effective medicine to fight the microbe in the various diseases with the first aim to targeting on knowing the amount of antibodies the body can produce to protect itself from a microbe and designing drugs that would heal one after taking a few doses. A number of examples diseases are yellow fever, smallpox, measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox and rotavirus.
The other form of support vaccines is the toxic vaccine caused by bacteria that produce harmful chemicals. Illness can be caused by the toxic substance secreted by the bacteria. Formalin can be used to treat inactive toxin which is a solution of formaldehyde and sterilized water. Antibodies are produced after immunization to fight toxic substances and stop productions of the toxic matter. Diphtheria and tetanus are some of the common produced toxic substance by the body.
During the development of conjugate vaccine the scientists link the antigens or toxoids to a microbe and the immune system to distinguish the polysaccharides to the immature immune system such as of young ones to react to polysaccharide coating and protect the cells against bacterium’s. A sugar molecules coat a bacterium that disguises the bacterium antigens for the immune system of an infant not to react to them is referred to as polysaccharides.